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Arboriculture & Urban Forestry Online
Volume 34, Issue 4 — July 2008

Evaluation of Landscape Tree Stabilization Systems    (View PDF)

Ryan Eckstein and Edward F. Gilman

Abstract: We conducted pull tests on newly planted 7 cm (2.8 in) caliper, container-grown Quercus virginiana ‘SDLN’ PP#12015, Cathedral Oak® to simulate wind loading on nine commonly used landscape tree stabilization systems. Maximum force required to rotate the root ball 20° was used to compare systems. Terra Toggle™, Brooks Tree Brace®, and 2 × 2’s anchoring the root ball withstood the largest forces. Typically, trees secured by these three broke before the systems failed indicating that the systems were very effective. T-stakes, dowels, and Tree Staple™ performed no better than nonstaked controls. The three guying systems tested, ArborBrace®, Duckbill®, and rebar and ArborTie®, were statistically similar and required more force to failure than controls, but less than the group that withstood the largest forces. Direction of pulling had no influence on force to failure for any stabilization system tested.

Keywords: Bracing; guying; planting; pulling tests; stabilizing; tree staking; wind

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